'''Canada''' () is a country, consisting of Provinces and territories of Canada|ten provinces and three territories
, in the northern part of the continent of North America. It extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles) in total, making it the world's List of countries and dependencies by area|second-largest country by total area
and the List of countries and dependencies by area|fourth-largest country by land area
. Canada's Canada–United States border|common border with the United States
forms the world's longest land border. Canada is sparsely populated overall, the majority of its land territory being dominated by forest
as well as the mountain range of the Rocky Mountains
; about four-fifths of the population live near to the southern border. The majority of Canada has a cold or severely cold winter...